processing of crambe for oil and isolation of erucic acid

  • Agronomy Free Full-Text Crambe (Crambe abyssinica

    Crambe is considered a dedicated industrial crop since its high erucic acid content in the oil and the large amount of glucosinolates in the meal limit any possible food/feed use. Erucic acid is the main fatty acid found in crambe oil, which ranges between 50% and 65% [10,11]. Erucic acid is a monounsatured, long-chain fatty acid, non-edible

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  • Appendix A Selected New Industrial Crops

    Crambe Scientific name:Crambe abyssinica Major compounds produced: Theseeds are 30 to 45 percent oil, 50 to 60 percent of which is erucic acid, a C 22 monounsaturated fatty acid. After oil extraction, there remains a meal that is about 28 percent protein. Replacement: Imported high erucic acid

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  • Novel Processing and Isolation Processes of High Erucic

    Tao, C. and B. He. 2007. Process study on crambe oil enzymatic hydrolysis for erucic acid isolation. Trans. ASABE 50(1): 167-174. Progress 01/01/06 to 12/31/06 Outputs Projects that were under investigation during 2006 include: Project 1: Feasibility Study on Hydro-thermal Conversion of Low-grade Glycerol to Alcohols for Use in Biodiesel

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  • Isolation of erucic acid from rapeseed oil by lipase

    Abstract Three lipases were compared for their ability to hydrolyze high erucic acid rapeseed oil, with the objective of concentrating the erucic acid in a single glyceride fraction. Lipase fromPse...

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  • Cold press in oil extraction. A review

    content over the crambe seed oil by cold press extraction. Crambe is a plant species that is commercially used in the industry. Industrial oil containing the high percentage of erucic acid in the seed is commercially important. The plant is produced in the USA, Canada, Italy, and Spain and is included in the radishes class.

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  • ENZYMATIC ISOLATION AND ENRICHMENT OF ERUCIC

    Transactions of the ASAE Vol. 48(4): 1471−1479 2005 American Society of Agricultural Engineers ISSN 0001−2351 1471 ENZYMATIC ISOLATION AND ENRICHMENT OF ERUCIC ACID FROM HEA SEED OILS: CURRENT STATUS C. Tao, B. B. He ABSTRACT. Erucic acid (EA), a fatty acid of 22-carbon chain with one isolated double bond, has broad industrial applications.

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  • Can we "cultivate" erucic acid in southern Europe? CORE

    In particular, extraction of erucic acid (C22:1) from plants and its industrial applications have received increasing attention. At present, known species producing oils yielding large quantities of erucic acid belong, with few exceptions, to the Brassicaceae family.

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  • Agronomy Free Full-Text Crambe (Crambe abyssinica

    Crambe is considered a dedicated industrial crop since its high erucic acid content in the oil and the large amount of glucosinolates in the meal limit any possible food/feed use. Erucic acid is the main fatty acid found in crambe oil, which ranges between 50% and 65% [10,11]. Erucic acid is a monounsatured, long-chain fatty acid, non-edible

    Get Price
  • Processing of crambe for oil and isolation of erucic acid

    Crambe seed (Crambe abyssinica) is an excellent, recently established source of high‐erucic acid oil. Erucic acid has a number of important and potential applications. To develop this potential, a rapid bench‐scale method was desired whereby purified erucic acid in up to several 100‐g quantities could be produced from crambe seed.

    Get Price
  • Combination of modern plant breeding and enzyme technology

    Jan 22, 2016· Fatty acids from vegetable oils are useful building blocks for industrial materials. The purpose of this work was to prepare erucic acid with high purity from a vegetable oil. High purity erucic acid is used for the production of erucamide with applications in plastics manufacturing. A newly developed transgenic Crambe line produces seed oil with 68 % erucic acid compared to 53 % in the

    Get Price
  • South Dakota State University Open PRAIRIE: Open Public

    oil contained erucic acid (10). Between the species of Cruciferae, the erucic acid content of the oil varied from 0-59 (2). The genus.£!:._ . containing about 20 species, was found to produce the highest percentage / or erucic acid (2,ll,12). Crambe is a native of the Mediterranean region and' it is also !

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  • Erucic acid evaluation in rapeseed and canola oil by

    Jan 01, 2013· A simple and rapid method was developed for the determination of erucic acid in rapeseed oil by single bounce attenuated total reflectance (SB‐ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The various ratios prepared from the three different types of oils (rapeseed, canola, and sunflower) were run on gas chromatograph to identify amount of erucic acid. Therefore, a wide range

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  • Dehulling crambe seed for improved oil extraction and meal

    Crambe seed had low bulk density (328 kg/m3) due to thick hulls (0.23 mm), which made up 21.2% of the seed weight. The mean seed diameter was 2.7 mm (SD±0.2 mm); the thousand-grain-weight was 6.2 g. Dehulling improves oil extraction efficiency and facilitates the marketing of high-protein meal (>40% protein). The effectiveness of roller milling/aspirating and the effectiveness of

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  • Crambe (Crambe abyssinica) Feedipedia

    Crambe cultivation increased in importance due to the high erucic acid content in the oil (Kampf et al., 2001). Crambe seeds are crushed to extract oil. Crambe seeds are crushed to extract oil. After pressing or extracting the oil, pressed cake or extracted oil meal are obtained, which may be useful as a feedstuff for cattle, and to a very

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  • Crambe: A New Industrial Crop in Limbo

    Dehulled crambe seed has an oil content of 33 to 54% and a protein content of 30 to 50% (Earle et al. 1966; McGregor et al. 1961). Refined crambe seed oil may be used as is or erucic acid may be extracted from the oil and employed for the synthesis of certain derivatives, such as erucamid, brassylic acid, and pelargonic acid. SEED MEAL

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  • Crambe Abyssinica an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Alison M.R. Ferrie, Karen L. Caswell, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016 Crambe abyssinica Hochst. ex R.E. Fries. Crambe abyssinica is an oilseed crop with high levels of erucic acid (55–60%) (Mandal et al., 2002).It is used as a lubricant or corrosion inhibitor, as well as an ingredient in synthetic rubbers, plastic films, and nylons.

    Get Price
  • Processing of crambe for oil and isolation of erucic acid

    Crambe seed (Crambe abyssinica) is an excellent, recently established source of high-erucic acid oil. Erucic acid has a number of important and potential applications. To develop this potential, a rapid bench-scale method was desired whereby purified erucic acid in up to several 100-g quantities could be produced from crambe seed. Using the method developed, oil was expressed

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  • Crambe Processi~g: Glucosinolate Removal Water

    crushing the seed to oil and meal. INTRODUCTION ABSTRACT AND SUMMARY Crambe abyssinica Hochst ex. R.E. Fries, a member of the Cruciferae family, is a valuable new oilseed crop because of the high erucic acid content of its oil. Erucic acid can be used in a variety of applications. Erucamide, a nitrogen derivative of erucic acid, is much in

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  • Appendix A Selected New Industrial Crops

    Crambe Scientific name:Crambe abyssinica Major compounds produced: Theseeds are 30 to 45 percent oil, 50 to 60 percent of which is erucic acid, a C 22 monounsaturated fatty acid. After oil extraction, there remains a meal that is about 28 percent protein. Replacement: Imported high erucic acid

    Get Price
  • Distillation of Natural Fatty Acids and Their Chemical

    and sunflower oils are high in oleic acid while soybean oil has more linoleic acid. Rapeseed and crambe are good sources of long chain fatty acids like erucic acid. The first step in fatty acid produc tion (Fig. 1) is the splitting or hydrolysis of the triglyceride

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  • Regeneration and transformation of Crambe abyssinica BMC

    Crambe abyssinica (crambe) is a non-food oil seed crop. Its seed oil is widely used in the chemical industry because of the high erucic acid content. Furthermore, it is a potential platform for various feedstock oils for industrial uses based on genetic modification. Here, we describe the development of a series of protocols for all steps required in the process of generating genetically

    Get Price
  • Seed fatty acid compositions and chemotaxonomy of wild

    whole-seed oil content was reported as 11% and 15% in C. orientalis and C. tataria, respectively (Comlekcioglu et al., 2008). However, although the reported oil and erucic acid rates of wild Crambe species have been low, they are a significant source of genetic variation for fatty acid composition. Wild Crambe seed oil mainly contains

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  • Crambe Official ADAPT 2030 Website Keeping Your Families

    Crambe Abyssinica Yield Abyssinian oil comes from the seeds of Crambe Abyssinica, a plant native to the Mediterranean area. Crambe is an oilseed crop that produces inedible oil, but its oil has a number of industrial uses. Oil content of the grain has been shown to vary from 36-43% with a Erucic Acid

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  • Erucic acid Wikipedia

    Erucic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid, denoted 22:1ω9.It has the chemical formula CH 3 (CH 2) 7 CH=CH(CH 2) 11 COOH. It is prevalent in wallflower seed with a reported content of 20 to 54% in high erucic acid rapeseed oil, and 42% in mustard oil.Erucic acid is also known as cis-13-docosenoic acid and the trans isomer is known as brassidic acid.

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  • Regeneration and transformation of Crambe abyssinica BMC

    Crambe abyssinica (crambe) is a non-food oil seed crop. Its seed oil is widely used in the chemical industry because of the high erucic acid content. Furthermore, it is a potential platform for various feedstock oils for industrial uses based on genetic modification. Here, we describe the development of a series of protocols for all steps required in the process of generating genetically

    Get Price
  • Enzymatic process for the isolation of erucic acid from

    Any oil which contains an erucic acid component may be treated with lipase to produce erucic acid as a mono- or diglyceride. Suitable oils are those derived from plants of the Brassicaceae family, for example, rapeseed oil, mustard seed oil, nasturtium oil and crambe seed oil.

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  • Rapeseed 'f |^ and Crambe: Erucic Acid

    that is high in erucic acid is crambe. This crop was introduced into the United States in the early 1940's. In 1957, researchers at the New Crops Research Program of ARS in CrambePeoria, IL, reported that up to 60 percent of the crambe seed oil was erucic acid. They also indicated that crambe ap- peared to be broadly adapted. During

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  • Cold press in oil extraction. A review

    content over the crambe seed oil by cold press extraction. Crambe is a plant species that is commercially used in the industry. Industrial oil containing the high percentage of erucic acid in the seed is commercially important. The plant is produced in the USA, Canada, Italy, and Spain and is included in the radishes class.

    Get Price
  • Crambe seed oil: Extraction and reaction with dimethyl

    1. Introduction. Crambe (Crambe abyssinica) seeds have a high content of oil (30–51 %) [1,2], which is mainly comprised of monounsaturated fatty acids, predominantly erucic acid (∼60%) [2,3], conferring a high oxidative stability [], and active compounds, such as tocopherols and phytosterols, are also present [1,3,5].The high amount of erucic acid in crambe oil makes it an important raw

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  • Crambe Purdue University

    The oil contains 50 to 60% erucic acid, a long chain fatty acid, which is used in the manufacture of plastic films, plasticizers, nylon, adhesives, and electrical insulation. Crambe is being promoted as a new domestic source of erucic acid, which has primarily come from imported rapeseed oil.

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  • New technologies for processing Crambe abyssinica

    basis (mfb) (1). Crambe oil has 55-60% erucic acid (C22:l), which is an important industrial fatty acid (1). Erucic acid is used in the production of erucamide, an anti-block, slip- promoting additive for use in plastic films, such as polyethylene. Other derivatives of erucic acid, behenic acid,

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  • Enzymatic process for the isolation of erucic acid from

    Any oil which contains an erucic acid component may be treated with lipase to produce erucic acid as a mono- or diglyceride. Suitable oils are those derived from plants of the Brassicaceae family, for example, rapeseed oil, mustard seed oil, nasturtium oil and crambe seed oil.

    Get Price
  • Regeneration and transformation of Crambe abyssinica BMC

    Crambe abyssinica (crambe) is a non-food oil seed crop. Its seed oil is widely used in the chemical industry because of the high erucic acid content. Furthermore, it is a potential platform for various feedstock oils for industrial uses based on genetic modification. Here, we describe the development of a series of protocols for all steps required in the process of generating genetically

    Get Price
  • Brassylic Acid from Ozonolysis of Erucic Acid Industrial

    Crambe seed processing: Decomposition of glucosinolates (thioglucosides) with chemical additives. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society 1971,48 (12),845-850.

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  • Processing of Crambe for oil and isolation of erucic acid

    Currently, the utilization of oil produced by Crambe abyssinica is favoured over high erucic acid rapeseed (HEAR) oil, due to its higher natural content of C22:1 (52-59%) and its inability to

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  • Combination of modern plant breeding and enzyme technology

    Jan 22, 2016· Fatty acids from vegetable oils are useful building blocks for industrial materials. The purpose of this work was to prepare erucic acid with high purity from a vegetable oil. High purity erucic acid is used for the production of erucamide with applications in plastics manufacturing. A newly developed transgenic Crambe line produces seed oil with 68 % erucic acid compared to 53 % in the

    Get Price
  • South Dakota State University Open PRAIRIE: Open Public

    oil contained erucic acid (10). Between the species of Cruciferae, the erucic acid content of the oil varied from 0-59 (2). The genus.£!:._ . containing about 20 species, was found to produce the highest percentage / or erucic acid (2,ll,12). Crambe is a native of the Mediterranean region and' it is also !

    Get Price
  • Enhancement of Lipase CAL‐A Selectivity by Protein

    Concerning the erucic acid source to be used, as aforementioned, Crambe oil represents an outstanding starting material since it is mainly composed of this compound (58.7%), while oleic, linoleic, and linolenic fatty acids (C 18 unsaturated FA) embody almost all the rest of the mixture (31.2%). 17, 18 From a practical point of view, plant oils can be used as substrates in their original

    Get Price
  • Cold press in oil extraction. A review

    content over the crambe seed oil by cold press extraction. Crambe is a plant species that is commercially used in the industry. Industrial oil containing the high percentage of erucic acid in the seed is commercially important. The plant is produced in the USA, Canada, Italy, and Spain and is included in the radishes class.

    Get Price
  • A Summary of Project Achievements and Innovations

    Specifically, gondoic (C20:1 cisΔ11) and erucic acid (C22:1 cisΔ13) are present in large amounts in camelina and crambe oil, respectively, and need to be isolated from the fatty acid mixture of the oils. With conventional techniques such as distillation this is not easy, since their properties are

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  • Studies on Seed‐Oil Triglycerides Gurr 1972 European

    Katja Zorn, Isabel Oroz-Guinea, Uwe T. Bornscheuer, Strategies for enriching erucic acid from Crambe abyssinica oil by improved Candida antarctica lipase A variants, Process Biochemistry, 10.1016/j.procbio.2018.12.022, (2018).

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  • Crambe Abyssinica an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Alison M.R. Ferrie, Karen L. Caswell, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016 Crambe abyssinica Hochst. ex R.E. Fries. Crambe abyssinica is an oilseed crop with high levels of erucic acid (55–60%) (Mandal et al., 2002).It is used as a lubricant or corrosion inhibitor, as well as an ingredient in synthetic rubbers, plastic films, and nylons.

    Get Price
  • Process Study on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Crambe Oil

    Download Citation Process Study on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Crambe Oil for Erucic Acid Isolation High erucic acid (HEA) seed oils can be processed enzymatically to produce biodiesel and erucic

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  • US5633151A Enzymatic process for the isolation of erucic

    Erucic acid is produced by enzymatic hydrolysis, the reaction being catalyzed by lipase from Geotrichum candidum or Candida rugosa. Fatty acid substituents having carbon chains shorter than C22 are removed from triglycerides which also contain one or two erucic acid substituents, resulting in a glyceride fraction enriched in erucic acid and a free fatty acid fraction containing the hydrolyzed

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  • Seed fatty acid compositions and chemotaxonomy of wild

    whole-seed oil content was reported as 11% and 15% in C. orientalis and C. tataria, respectively (Comlekcioglu et al., 2008). However, although the reported oil and erucic acid rates of wild Crambe species have been low, they are a significant source of genetic variation for fatty acid composition. Wild Crambe seed oil mainly contains

    Get Price
  • Enhancement of Lipase CAL‐A Selectivity by Protein

    Concerning the erucic acid source to be used, as aforementioned, Crambe oil represents an outstanding starting material since it is mainly composed of this compound (58.7%), while oleic, linoleic, and linolenic fatty acids (C 18 unsaturated FA) embody almost all the rest of the mixture (31.2%). 17, 18 From a practical point of view, plant oils can be used as substrates in their original

    Get Price
  • Brassylic Acid from Ozonolysis of Erucic Acid Industrial

    Crambe seed processing: Decomposition of glucosinolates (thioglucosides) with chemical additives. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society 1971,48 (12),845-850.

    Get Price
  • Isolation of erucic acid from rapeseed oil by lipase

    Abstract Three lipases were compared for their ability to hydrolyze high erucic acid rapeseed oil, with the objective of concentrating the erucic acid in a single glyceride fraction. Lipase fromPse...

    Get Price
  • Grain Inspection Hand Book Montana Standards Book 1

    an ingredient in the manufacture of synthetic rubber. The oil contains 50 to 60% erucic acid, a long chain fatty acid, which is used in the manufacture of plastic films, plasticizers, nylon, adhesives, and electrical insulation. Crambe is being promoted as a new domestic source of erucic acid, which has primarily come from imported rapeseed oil.

    Get Price
  • Processing of Crambe for Oil and Isolation of Erucic Acid

    KEY WORDS: Crambe oil, crystallization, erucic acid, erucic acid recovery, isolation, low-temperature, oil expression. Erucic acid (C22:1, ∆13) is an important fatty acid in the oleochemical industry. It is a naturally occurring fatty acid in seed storage triglycerides of the Cruciferae family. The cur-rent, major industrial source of erucic

    Get Price
  • Combination of modern plant breeding and enzyme

    work was to prepare erucic acid with high purity from a vegetable oil. High purity erucic acid is used for the produc‑ tion of erucamide with applications in plastics manufacturing. A newly developed transgenic Crambe line produces seed oil with 68 % erucic acid compared to 53 % in the wild type oil.

    Get Price
  • ENZYMATIC ISOLATION AND ENRICHMENT OF ERUCIC

    and high selectivities. To develop a more efficient alternative process, researchers have studied enzymatic approaches for EA isolation and enrichment for about two decades. Lipases have shown three types of specificities in catalyzing high-erucic-acid (HEA) oils, namely fatty-acid-specific, region-specific, and non-specific.

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