production cost assessment of palm empty fruit bunch conversion to bio-oil via fast pyrolysis

  • Multi-products productions from Malaysian oil palm empty

    from Malaysian oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB): Analyzing economic potentials from the optimal biomass supply chain, Journal of Cleaner Production (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.088. This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication.

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  • Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    We are not allowed to display external PDFs yet. You will be redirected to the full text document in the repository in a few seconds, if not click here.click here.

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  • Thermodynamic analysis of methanation of palm empty fruit

    Thermodynamic equilibrium analysis for conversion of palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) bio-oil to methane using low-temperature steam reforming (LTSR) process was conducted by assuming either isothermal or adiabatic condition, with and without sorption enhancement (SE-LTSR), with CaO (S) or Ca(OH) 2(S) as CO 2 sorbent. Temperatures of 300-800 K, molar steam to carbon (S/C) ratios of 0.3

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  • Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    The production cost is influenced by the amount of bio-oil production, material cost, operational cost including labor and utility cost. The sensitivity analysis shows that feedstock price drives the production cost. The result concludes that for the current condition, the bio-oil production cost from palm empty fruit bunch seems promising to

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Fast pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch in an

    Fast pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch in an auger reactor: bio-oil composition and characteristics.pdf Available via license: CC BY 3.0 Content may be subject to copyright.

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  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) utilization of oil palm empty

    The results showed that the utilization of empty fruit bunches by fast pyrolysis has the potential environmental impacts of 0.02149 kg SO2eq as the causes of acidification; 0.00399 kg PO4eq causes of Eutrophication; 586 kg CO2eq causes of global warming (GWP100a), and 595 kg C2H4eq causes photochemical oxidation.

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  • Comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) of bio-oil

    This paper presents a life cycle assessment of two alternative processes for the production of bio-oil from Malaysian oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB), namely, fast pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction, in which limited studies have been reported in the literature. In this study, both processes were evaluated and compared in terms of their impacts to the environment, specifically based on

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  • Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil

    Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Coversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis. Ijaseit, 4(6) (2014)443 Isroi, Peningkatan Digestibilitas Dan Perubahan Struktur tandan kosong kelapa sawit Oleh Pretreatment pleurotus Floridanus Dan Asam Fosfat. 2013

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  • Techno-economic comparison of three energy conversion

    Empty fruit bunches (EFB) of oil-palm are one of the most recent renewable energy resources. The objective of this study is to find the most economically-feasible pathway among three energy conversions from 400 t/d wet EFB, which are bioethanol and jet fuel by bioconversion, combined heat and power via gasification, and hydrocarbons through fast pyrolysis and biooil upgrading.

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  • Production of Bio-oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Oil Palm

    biofuels. For 100.45 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) processed in 2014, the amount of empty fruit bunches (EFB) was more than 7.73 million tonnes. Second generation biofuels derived from oil palm biomass via pyrolysis might be a better approach compared to the conventional and first generation fuels in terms of

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  • (PDF) Simulation of biofuel production via fast pyrolysis

    Biofuels production via fast pyrolysis of palm oil residues was modeled. Temperature and residence time effects on product yields were investigated. The optimized parameters were 550 ° C

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  • (PDF) Bio-oil derived from empty fruit bunches Nurhayati

    Available online at sciencedirect Fuel 87 (2008) 2606–2613 fuelfirst Bio-oil derived from empty fruit bunches N. Abdullah a,*, H. Gerhauser b a School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia b Biomass, Coal and the Environment Unit, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlands Received 19 July 2007; received

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  • Supply chain analysis, delivered cost, and life cycle

    "Supply chain analysis, delivered cost, and life cycle assessment of oil palm empty fruit bunch biomass for green chemical production in Malaysia," BioRes. 9(3), 5385-5416. Abstract Financial, environmental, and supply chain analyses of empty fruit bunch (EFB) biomass are needed for the development of a sustainable green chemicals industry in

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  • Research Article Thermodynamic analysis of methanation

    2.1. Description of palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) bio-oil In this research, bio-oil from the fast pyrolysis of palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) was modelled as the feedstock for CH 4 production. PEFB bio-oil contains a great range of carboxylic acids,

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  • Yield and Calorific Value of Bio Oil Pyrolysed from Oil

    As shown in Fig. 3, the calorific value of bio oil obtained from different pyrolysis treatments range from 25 to nearly 32 MJ kg-1.The highest calorific value of 31.15 MJ kg-1 for EFB pyrolysis at process temperature 500°C and solid residence time of 30 min. The effects of process temperature and solid residence time on the bio oil were presented using the ANOVA and presented in Table 3-4.

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  • EFFECT OF SIZE PARTICLE ON PALM OIL WASTE FOR

    2.2 Application for Product of Fast Pyrolysis 18 2.3 Empty Fruit Bunch 21 2.4 Raw Palm Kernel Shell 24 3.1 Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre 27 3.2 Palm kernel Shell 27 3.3 TGA Q500 V6.4 Instrument 30 3.4 Grinder (SAMA Grinder Model FG 400 x 200) 31 3.5 PKS Sample (

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  • Yield and Calorific Value of Bio Oil Pyrolysed from Oil

    As shown in Fig. 3, the calorific value of bio oil obtained from different pyrolysis treatments range from 25 to nearly 32 MJ kg-1.The highest calorific value of 31.15 MJ kg-1 for EFB pyrolysis at process temperature 500°C and solid residence time of 30 min. The effects of process temperature and solid residence time on the bio oil were presented using the ANOVA and presented in Table 3-4.

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  • Production of Bio-oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Oil Palm

    biofuels. For 100.45 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) processed in 2014, the amount of empty fruit bunches (EFB) was more than 7.73 million tonnes. Second generation biofuels derived from oil palm biomass via pyrolysis might be a better approach compared to the conventional and first generation fuels in terms of

    Get Price
  • Biorefinery Wikipedia

    The economic feasibility for bio-oil production from EFB via fast pyrolysis using the fluidized-bed was studied, crude bio-oil can potentially be produced from EFB at a product value of 0.47 $/kg with a payback period and return on investment of 3.2 years and 21.9%, respectively.

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  • (PDF) Bio-oil derived from empty fruit bunches Nurhayati

    Available online at sciencedirect Fuel 87 (2008) 2606–2613 fuelfirst Bio-oil derived from empty fruit bunches N. Abdullah a,*, H. Gerhauser b a School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia b Biomass, Coal and the Environment Unit, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlands Received 19 July 2007; received

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  • Simulation and Parametric Study for the Hydrothermal

    Empty fruit bunch (EFB) constitutes 23 % of the amount of palm waste. Among the thermo-chemical processes that can convert biomass into hydrogen are pyrolysis and gasification. Between the two, gasification offers lower production cost. Pyrolysis converts biomass to bio-oil prior to hydrogen. Meanwhile, gasification directly

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  • Pretreatment of empty fruit bunch from oil palm for fuel

    This study evaluates the effects of some pretreatment processes to improve the enzymatic hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) for ethanol production. The experimental results show that the bisulfite pretreatment was practical for EFB pretreatment. Moreover, the optimum pretreatment conditi

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  • Autothermal reforming of palm empty fruit bunch bio-oil

    aldehydes and benzenoids [8-10]. Palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) is obtained after oil extraction at palm oil mills. It is estimated that for every tonne (t) of palm oil produced from a fresh fruit bunch, approximately 1 t of PEFB is produced [11]. Bio-oil can be produced by fast/flash pyrolysis, slow pyrolysis and solvolysis of solid biomass

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  • MASTER OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING WITH

    PRODUCTION OF BIO-OIL FROM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH (EFB) VIA PYROLYSIS PROCESS 2.1 Uses of Fast Pyrolysis Product 10 3.1 Organization chart 21 4.1 Bio oil production process 32 4.2 Process flow diagram for bio oil production 33 5.1 Ratio Analysis Equations 39 . xii LIST OF SYMBOLS ha Hectares Kg Kilogram

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  • Simulation and Parametric Study for the Hydrothermal

    Empty fruit bunch (EFB) constitutes 23 % of the amount of palm waste. Among the thermo-chemical processes that can convert biomass into hydrogen are pyrolysis and gasification. Between the two, gasification offers lower production cost. Pyrolysis converts biomass to bio-oil prior to hydrogen. Meanwhile, gasification directly

    Get Price
  • Energy and Economic Analysis of Date Palm Biomass

    This work evaluates date palm waste as a cheap and available biomass feedstock in UAE for the production of biofuels. The thermochemical and biochemical routes including pyrolysis, gasification, and fermentation were investigated. Simulations were done to produce biofuels from biomass via Aspen Plus v.10. The simulation results showed that for a tonne of biomass feed, gasification produced 56

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  • Conversion of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch to Biofuels

    Oil palm is a multi-purpose plantation and it is also an intensive producer of biomass. Accompanying the production of one kg of palm oil, approximately 4 kg of dry biomass are produced. One third of the oil palm biomass is oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) and the other two thirds are oil palm trunks and fronds [1-3].

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  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) utilization of oil palm empty

    The results showed that the utilization of empty fruit bunches by fast pyrolysis has the potential environmental impacts of 0.02149 kg SO2eq as the causes of acidification; 0.00399 kg PO4eq causes of Eutrophication; 586 kg CO2eq causes of global warming (GWP100a), and 595 kg C2H4eq causes photochemical oxidation.

    Get Price
  • Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil

    Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Coversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis. Ijaseit, 4(6) (2014)443 Isroi, Peningkatan Digestibilitas Dan Perubahan Struktur tandan kosong kelapa sawit Oleh Pretreatment pleurotus Floridanus Dan Asam Fosfat. 2013

    Get Price
  • Bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

    Bio-Oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches 70 The amount of dark brown stuck mass stuck on the EP's wall and liquids collected in the tank was about 22.8% and 74% of total

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  • Characterization of Bio-Oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Palm

    Fast pyrolysis processes were conducted at a temperature of 350˚C using thermal oil heater as a heat carrier. The gas phase from pyrolysis was condensed and produced a dark color and water soluble liquid called bio-oil. As GC-MS data shows, the bio-oil from both feed stocks was dominated by acetic acid, furans, phenols, aldehydes, and ketones.

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  • Investigation of physicochemical properties of oil palm

    Jan 11, 2020· The objective of this work is to evaluate the potential of oil palm biomass (OPB) in terms of physicochemical properties for producing biofuels via pyrolysis processes. The OPB included oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), oil palm shell (OPS), oil palm roots (OPR), oil palm decanter cake (OPDC), empty fruit bunches (EFB), oil palm fiber (OPFB), and oil palm sewage sludge (OPSS).

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  • Conversion of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch to Biofuels

    third of the oil palm biomass is oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) and the other two thirds are oil palm trunks and fronds [1-3]. Figure 1. Oil palm and oil palm empty fruit bunch. The supply of oil palm biomass and its processing by-products are found to be seven times that of natural timber [4].

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  • The Oil Palm Wastes in Malaysia IntechOpen

    One of the authors of this book and the research group from MPOB investigated on the fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunches (EFB) [75,76]. The utilisation of bio-oil derived from pyrolysis process of oil palm wastes to substitute for synthetic phenol and formaldehyde in phenol formaldehyde resins is possible.

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  • Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    DOI: 10.18517/IJASEIT.4.6.443 Corpus ID: 55854226. Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis @article{Peryoga2014ProductionCA, title={Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis}, author={Y. Peryoga and Maharani Dewi Solikhah and A. A. Raksodewanto},

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  • Empty Fruit Bunch Scientific.Net

    The original bio-oil used for this study was derived from the pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch (EFB). It was separated into water soluble (light oil) and water insoluble (heavy oil) components by mixing it with water at 2:1 V/V ratio under ambient condition with vigorous stirring using centrifuge for 30mins.

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  • Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis Yoga Peryoga, Maharani Dewi Solikhah, Alfonsus Agus Raksodewanto Abstract. Production cost assessment was based on palm oil mill of 30 metrics tons FFB/h capacity that produced EFB residue at app. 20 % wt of the initial FFB fed to the plant.

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  • (PDF) Pyrolysis of palm empty fruit bunch: Yields

    The raw bio-oil was produced by pyrolysis of rice husk.From the experiment results, it can be concluded that the densities of upgraded bio-oil were reduced from 1.24 to 0.95 g.cm⁻³, and the

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  • Investigation of physicochemical properties of oil palm

    Jan 11, 2020· The objective of this work is to evaluate the potential of oil palm biomass (OPB) in terms of physicochemical properties for producing biofuels via pyrolysis processes. The OPB included oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), oil palm shell (OPS), oil palm roots (OPR), oil palm decanter cake (OPDC), empty fruit bunches (EFB), oil palm fiber (OPFB), and oil palm sewage sludge (OPSS).

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  • Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    -50 1.,23416.85 .7. 8 .23 1. Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis Yoga Peryoga, Maharani Dewi Solikhah*, Alfonsus Agus Raksodewanto Institute for Engineering Design and Technology System The Agency for Assessment

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  • (PDF) Bio-oil derived from empty fruit bunches Nurhayati

    Available online at sciencedirect Fuel 87 (2008) 2606–2613 fuelfirst Bio-oil derived from empty fruit bunches N. Abdullah a,*, H. Gerhauser b a School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia b Biomass, Coal and the Environment Unit, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlands Received 19 July 2007; received

    Get Price
  • Autothermal reforming of palm empty fruit bunch bio-oil

    aldehydes and benzenoids [8-10]. Palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) is obtained after oil extraction at palm oil mills. It is estimated that for every tonne (t) of palm oil produced from a fresh fruit bunch, approximately 1 t of PEFB is produced [11]. Bio-oil can be produced by fast/flash pyrolysis, slow pyrolysis and solvolysis of solid biomass

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis December 2014 International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering and Information Technology 4(6)

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  • Research Article Thermodynamic analysis of methanation

    2.1. Description of palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) bio-oil In this research, bio-oil from the fast pyrolysis of palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) was modelled as the feedstock for CH 4 production. PEFB bio-oil contains a great range of carboxylic acids,

    Get Price
  • Energy and Economic Analysis of Date Palm Biomass

    This work evaluates date palm waste as a cheap and available biomass feedstock in UAE for the production of biofuels. The thermochemical and biochemical routes including pyrolysis, gasification, and fermentation were investigated. Simulations were done to produce biofuels from biomass via Aspen Plus v.10. The simulation results showed that for a tonne of biomass feed, gasification produced 56

    Get Price
  • Production of bio-oil from oil palm empty fruit bunch by

    The purpose of this paper is to study the characteristics of as received and wet-treated empty fruit bunch (EFB) for bio-oil production via pyrolysis technology.

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  • Autothermal reforming of palm empty fruit bunch bio-oil

    aldehydes and benzenoids [8-10]. Palm empty fruit bunch (PEFB) is obtained after oil extraction at palm oil mills. It is estimated that for every tonne (t) of palm oil produced from a fresh fruit bunch, approximately 1 t of PEFB is produced [11]. Bio-oil can be produced by fast/flash pyrolysis, slow pyrolysis and solvolysis of solid biomass

    Get Price
  • An overview of empty fruit bunch from oil palm as

    Mar 01, 2014· At a conservative estimate, for every tonne of palm oil produced from a fresh fruit bunch, approximately 1 t of empty fruit bunch (EFB), 0.7 t of palm fibers, 0.3 t of palm kernels and 0.3 t of palm shells are generated, which amounts to a total palm biomass of 2.3 t . Based on Malaysia's palm oil production of 18.8 million tonnes in 2012, the

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  • Production of Bio-oil from Fast Pyrolysis of Oil Palm

    biofuels. For 100.45 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) processed in 2014, the amount of empty fruit bunches (EFB) was more than 7.73 million tonnes. Second generation biofuels derived from oil palm biomass via pyrolysis might be a better approach compared to the conventional and first generation fuels in terms of

    Get Price
  • Welcome to MPOB's Journal of Oil Palm Research Website

    The slow pyrolysis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres (PFF) was investigated in a laboratory-scale pyrolyser atterminal temperatures of 450°C to 800°C and a heating rate of 10°C min-1.The PFF was first pyrolysed in a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) to investigate their thermal characteristics and to determine their kinetic parameters.

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  • Publication Balai Teknologi Bahan Bakar dan Rekayasa Desain

    2014, Yoga Peryoga, Maharani Dewi Solikhah, Alfonsus Agus Raksodewanto, "Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Conversion to Bio-Oil via Fast Pyrolysis," Sustainable Agriculture, Food, and Energy (SAFE) Conference 2014.

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  • Production Cost Assessment of Palm Empty Fruit Bunch

    The production cost is influenced by the amount of bio-oil production, material cost, operational cost including labor and utility cost. The sensitivity analysis shows that feedstock price drives the production cost. The result concludes that for the current condition, the bio-oil production cost from palm empty fruit bunch seems promising to

    Get Price
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